Greco di Tufo “Nestor”
Grapes: Greco di Tufo
Greco di Tufo is a DOCG of the Campania wine region in southern Italy. It is responsible for what is arguably the region’s most prestigious white wine, made predominantly from the grape variety that shares its name. The Greco di Tufo grape is a clone of Greco Bianco and is believed to have been introduced to Campania by the Pelasgians, an ancient people from Thessaly in Greece. The name Tufo refers not only to one of the villages from which the wine comes, but also the type of rock on which the village was built.
The vines from which Greco di Tufo wines are made are cultivated at an altitude of 1310–1640ft (450–500m), where the cooler temperatures allow grapes to enjoy the persistent summer sunshine without overheating or having their photosynthesis shut down. This allows them to ripen without losing too much acidity, an effect magnified by the higher diurnal temperature variation here. The best expression of the Greco di Tufo vine is found on the volcanic hills of the Avellino province in central Campania, and only eight villages can legally claim to make Greco di Tufo: Tufo, Montefusco, Petruro Irpino, Chianche, Torrioni, Altavilla, Irpina and Prata di Principato Ultra.
The appellation received its DOCG status in 2003. The wines must contain a minimum of 85% Greco di Tufo grapes, and up to 15% of Coda di Volpe Bianca grapes is also permitted, at the discretion of each winemaker. A sparkling Greco di Tufo spumante variant can also be made, and must be aged for at least three years prior to release.
Greco di Tufo wines stand out from the crowd thanks to the unique characteristics of the sulphur- and tufa-rich volcanic and clay soils; it is believed that these lend the wine its perfume and mineral complexity. The refreshing, crisp white wines are known for their aromatic notes of lemons, pears and toasted almonds and a lingering mineral finish. The wines are generally at their best within three years of bottling.
Tenuta Cavalier Pepe is located in the heart of the DOC region of Campania Wines, Luogosano, Sant’Angelo all’Esca and Taurasi.
The Estate has grown to 40 hectares of vineyards. The terroir lies on slopes of 350 to 500m above sea level. Vineyards’ exposure is mainly S/SE, with clay soils are clay like with calcareous and sandy layers. The microclimate is mainly sunny summers and cold winters, whilst the average ventilation is good.
Autumn temperatures in Campania lead to slow ripening, so leads to late harvests, usually between mid-October and the first half of November. All red wines as well as Coda di Volpe grapes, are exclusively grown from company own vineyards.
Milena Pepe and family personally take care of the vine growing, in cooperation with professionals. The estate’s main goal is to produce quality grapes in order to obtain quality wines with moderate yields and limited soils treatments.