Sangiovese del Rubicone
Sangiovese (or Nielluccio in Corsica), a dark-berried vine, is the most widely planted grape variety in Italy. Virtually synonymous with the red wines of Tuscany, and all the romanticism that goes with the territory, Sangiovese is the core constituent in some of the great names in Italian wine. Italy’s love affair with Sangiovese – and indeed the world’s – is generations old, though recent grapevine research suggests the variety is not as ancient as once thought.
At the dawn of the 21st Century, Sangiovese equated to roughly one in every 10 vines on the Italian peninsula. The quality of the Sangiovese wine can be notoriously variable, though in the 1980s, drastically improved winemaking techniques saw a significant shift toward more quality-oriented releases. Sangiovese has numerous clones and is consequently known by many synonyms in its native Italy.
Good-quality Sangiovese is prized for its high acid, firm tannins and balanced nature. Savoury flavours of dark cherries and black stone fruit are characteristic, and may be backed by secondary notes of tomato leaf and dried herbs. The use of oak has become more popular and this coaxes richer flavours from the grapes, tending toward plum and wild raspberry.
In Tuscany, Sangiovese is the sole grape variety permitted in the prestigious Brunello di Montalcino DOCG and provides the backbone to Vino Nobile di Montepulciano and the popular wines of Chianti.
One of Sangiovese’s more-modern incarnations is in the so-called ‘Super Tuscans’. These wines allow winemakers more freedom to blend indigenous Italian grapes (principally Sangiovese) with Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot and Syrah.
Outside Tuscany, Sangiovese is widely planted in Lazio, Umbria, Marche and of course Corsica. In Corsica, the variety is known as Nielluccio and has a distinctive maquis characteristic, which distinguishes it somewhat from other Sangiovese. (Maquis is the shrubland that covers the island and includes shrubs such as sage, juniper, heath trees, oak and myrtle). Worldwide, it has travelled to California and Australia, where its high acidity is an asset in the hot climate.
All clones of Sangiovese are relatively slow ripening, which results in an extended growing season and richer, stronger and longer-lived wines than those made from early-ripening varieties. When the vines are encouraged to produce higher yields, the wine’s naturally high acidity is accentuated and its characteristic colour noticeably diluted. Further difficulties are experienced because of the grape’s thin skin, which makes it susceptible to rot in damp conditions.
Casa Vinicola Poletti’s production is based on its own grapes that come from fifty hectares of vineyards. The company processes around 50,000 quintals of grapes, some of which are also provided by selected local growers, on its own wine – producing plant, where 20 million litres of wine are made and bottled every year. The end results of the highly adaptable, cutting edge production cycle are able to satisfy demands from a wide range of sales channel, which has led to the development of an extensive domestic and international sales network. The company has added to its prized “Vite d’Or”, “Simphonia”, “Castellaccio” and “Cantine Fabri” trade names, with a new, top quality label aimed at the most exclusive segment of the market: “La Sagrestana”.